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What You Need To Know About Bed Bugs

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  • Admin
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  • Bed Bugs, Signs of Bed Bugs, Bed Bug Myths, Preventing Bed Bugs
  • Posted date:
  • 06-12-2023
What You Need To Know About Bed Bugs

How often do you think about bed bugs in your home? In this article, we delve into the bed bug basics, exploring their habits, hiding spots, and the potential threat they pose to your household.

The Bed Bug Basics

If you want to be successful in safeguarding your household from the threat of bed bugs, it's vital that you know your enemy. To assist you, we've compiled a comprehensive guide called 'Bed Bugs: What You Need To Know'. Firstly, it's important to know that bed bugs are tiny insects, about the same size as an apple seed.

Their bodies have an oval shape, with a reddish-brown hue. These bugs lack the capability to fly, but that doesn't hinder their mobility. They can quickly get around across floors, navigate walls and cruise ceilings. Bed bugs tend to be most active when the sun goes down. During the night, these pests emerge from their hiding spots to feed, with human blood being their primary choice of food.

These insects are called 'bed bugs' because their favourite place to hide during daylight hours is in bed frames and mattresses. That being said, these bugs are not just confined to beds. They can turn up in a variety of places like sofas, and vehicles, and even tucked away in your travel luggage.

Despite their small size, infestations can become a big problem if left unchecked. Bed bugs are masters of stealth. Many times, you may not even be aware of their presence until clear signs of an infestation begin to show. All in all, the more you understand these tiny invaders, the better you can protect your home from them. 

Bed Bugs: What You Need To Know

The Signs Of A Bed Bug Infestation

 bite marks

Recognising signals of a bed bug infestation promptly is vital for successful pest management. One of the most noticeable indicators of their presence is the manifestation of itchy bite marks on your skin. You will typically see these bites on sections of your skin that are uncovered while you are sleeping.

Frequently, bed bugs feed on their hosts unnoticed, only leaving behind a trail of red itchy welts. If you notice any new, unexpected skin bites that can't be explained by normal causes such as mosquitoes, then this might suggest bed bugs have invaded your peaceful space.

 small brown spots

Another sign of bed bugs is the appearance of small brown spots on your bed linen. These spots are the waste material of bed bugs and usually materialise together with blood stains. This happens when these little bloodsuckers inadvertently get crushed after they have completed their feeding.

finding bed bugs - Bed Bugs Pest Control Portsmouth, Southampton, Basingstoke And Hampshire

 Shed Skin

You could also observe tiny, oval, yellowish shells or shed skin around the regions of your bed. Juvenile bed bugs shed their skin as they mature, so the presence of these cast-off skins is a clear indicator of an infestation.

 musty aroma

An unpleasant, damp, musty aroma akin to a wet towel could permeate your room as a result of the smell produced by the scent glands of these bugs. This odour is particularly discernible in severe infestations.

Detection of any of these signals is a strong indication that bed bugs have potentially infested your home. This usually means it's time to reach out urgently for professional pest control services.

Do not hesitate or underestimate the situation. An established infestation can be much more challenging and expensive to eradicate. Remember, professionals are adept at bed bug extermination. With their assistance, you can rest assured in the knowledge that you are taking a step toward a bed bug-free environment. So, don’t wait - act fast and reclaim your peace of mind from these night-time invaders. 

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What Attracts Bed Bugs

Contrary to a widely held misconception, bed bugs aren't lured by filth or grime. The only thing these pests need to flourish is access to humans. Interestingly, it's our body heat and the carbon dioxide we exhale that attracts bed bugs. They can find their way into any home, irrespective of its cleanliness, so even the most spotless homes can fall victim to these problematic creatures.

Another factor that surprisingly attracts these bugs is clutter. Although it's important to note that they aren't naturally drawn to mess or disorder, clutter provides them with an abundance of hiding spots. It's within these hideaways that they can remain hidden from view, which can make combating an infestation that much harder.

Not only does this clutter act as a sanctuary for these pests but it can also deter us from noticing their presence until it's too late. Regular housekeeping can go a long way in reducing these hiding spots. By maintaining a tidy home, you can take away these potential havens for bed bugs and thus, keep them at bay.

It's worth remembering that cleanliness alone isn't a fool proof method against bed bugs due to their attraction to humans. Nonetheless, incorporating regular cleaning alongside other preventative measures can considerably decrease your chances of harbouring these unwelcome guests.

So, it's crucial to not only keep our living spaces clean but to also make a conscious effort to rid our homes of unnecessary clutter. After all, the fewer hiding spaces available for bed bugs, the lower the chance of them taking residence in your home. 

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Common Myths About Bed bugs

Bed bug infestations are often misunderstood, giving rise to numerous misconceptions. The most prevalent amongst them is the notion linking bed bug infestations to poor hygiene or insufficient housekeeping. Nonetheless, it is key to dispel this myth as it is simply untrue. Bed bugs can infiltrate any dwelling, regardless of the level of cleanliness maintained.

They are opportunistic pests that seek out places where people sleep or rest. They are often transported unknowingly in luggage, furniture, and other items from infested areas. Therefore, even the cleanest homes can fall victim to a bed bug infestation.

Another commonly held, yet incorrect belief is that bed bugs are vectors for disease transmission. To date, scientists have not found any solid evidence to back this claim up. 

It's important to note that while bed bug bites can cause discomfort and can potentially trigger allergic reactions in certain individuals, there is no clinical data to support the idea that they spread diseases. Misinformation about bed bugs often leads to unnecessary fear and stigma. Therefore, it's crucial to understand the facts.

The key takeaway is that cleanliness doesn't guarantee immunity against bed bugs, and they aren't known disease transmitters.

How To Prevent Bed Bugs

Preventing an invasion of bed bugs primarily involves meticulous examination while introducing second-hand furniture or luggage into your home. It's important to be wary, as these tiny creatures can sneak into your home through these items. Always scrutinise these items rigorously for any signs of bed bugs before presenting them to your living space.

The common indicators may include live or dead bugs, their eggs, or dark spots from their faecal matter. Daily vacuuming plays a significant role in keeping these pests at arm's length. Regularly clean your rugs, upholstered furniture, and mattress, particularly if you've recently relocated or had guests in your house.

bed bug life cycle - How To Prevent Bed Bugs

The vacuum cleaner not only sucks up visible bugs but can also eliminate the tiny eggs hidden deep within the fabric fibres. However, this method isn't fool proof, as some bed bugs might evade the suction. Thus, it's crucial to immediately dispose of the vacuum bag in an outdoor rubbish bin to prevent the pests from escaping back into your home. 

Additionally, maintaining a clutter-free environment is essential. Bed bugs are adept at finding hiding spots and their tiny stature allows them to easily go unnoticed. They love to lurk in dark, cosy corners, and reducing clutter can restrict their potential hideaways.

On the other hand, having less stuff around makes it more feasible to spot signs of their presence. Be particularly mindful of locations close to where you rest or sleep, as these areas are most commonly targeted.

Lastly, if you notice any signs indicating potential bed bug activity, it's advisable to call professionals immediately rather than trying to fight the infestation on your own. Whilst there are many DIY options available, controlling a bed bug issue is not a simple task, requiring specialist skills and equipment only a professional possesses.


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Follow the links below to find a pest control specialist to help resolve your pest infestation.